India in next 25 years

Technology is changing faster than our anticipation. After the invention of silicon chips in 1961 by Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce the digital technology has seen exponential growth. Developed economies are moving at a greater pace with respect to application of new technologies whereas developing economies like India is taking a cautious approach towards the use of the new technologies. In India the use of advanced technologies in sectors like healthcare, agriculture and automobile is still in its infancy. However with the recent successful launch of Mangalyaan - a Mars Orbiter Mission India has proved its technological might to the world. In the coming decades India needs such major achievements so to strengthen the economy of the country and move forward to become a developed nation.  Below are some of the key technologies that India should concentrate on in the coming decades to put itself amongst the best in the world. 

1. Driverless Car

The concept of driverless car or autonomous car as it is called is not new. In early this century people thought driverless car to be part of science fiction. However today it has become a potential reality. The advanced technology and continuous research and development have made it possible to make driverless car. The Carnegie Mellon University Navigation Laboratory built a series of driverless cars, to test the concept and thereafter many successful experiments were conducted to test autonomous cars reliability. Today some of the mainstream car manufactures, consumer electronics and IT giants are in the foray of making driverless car a reality. Billions of dollars are spent every year in perfecting the driverless car prototype. 

In India millions of vehicles are sold every year and the prospect of ingenious driverless car is a great opportunity for the country to showcase it technology prowess to the world. Though the automated car is still a distant dream in India yet it would be a welcome addition to the India's conventional car market. India needs modern road infrastructure and improved traffic management system to make the plying of driverless car on Indian road a reality. There are some ethical questions that need to be addressed before manufacturing the driverless car. Some of these include who will be responsible when an autonomous car crashes? The owner of the car or the manufacturer who built the software? What will be its effect on job market? Is there any danger to environment? Could it be used for any anti-social activities?

However, keeping these things aside and looking at the brighter side the reality of driverless car may become reality on Indian road in the next twenty five years.

2. 3D Bio-Printed Organs

The need for organ transplant in India is growing exponentially. However, the demand outstrips the supply and it has caused many untimely deaths of people. According to donatelifeindia.org only 1 out of 30 people who need kidney receive one. It also states that 90% of the people die waiting for organ transplant. There are few reasons for this such as lack of clear policy for cavader donation and lack of awareness regarding organ donation. However, this issue can be tackle with the 3D bio-printing of organs. Today scientists are creating prosthetic hands and leg for people who have lost them to accident or illness.  With the rise of chronic lifestyle disease like cardiovascular disease and diabetes the problem for organ transplant has become more acute. To meet the demand for organ transplants scientist are creating vital human organs like kidney, heart and liver in the lab. Medical applications for 3D bio-printing are expanding rapidly and efforts are underway to bring it to masses. In India a Bengaluru-based biotech startup is developing artificial tissues which could be used for creating a body organ.  The 3D printed organ has both commercial as well as consumer uses. In the long run it is cost effective, organ can be personalized, and productivity can be ramped up as per the demand.  

In the coming decades printed organs will become a reality in the Indian healthcare sector. Apart from driving the economic growth this technology will save countless lives every year. 

3. Space Tourism

Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin created history on 12 April 1961, when he became the first human to travel into outer-space. More than 50 years have passed since then and space travel has taken a different turn altogether. Today apart from conducting scientific experiments space travelling is also done for recreational purpose. This has opened a new sector known as space tourism. Dennis Tito the American multimillionaire became the first space tourist in the history of space travel. Though India is not known for space tourism but its recent success of Mangalyaan mission suggest that India has a potential to reduce overall cost of commercial space travel. Today more than fifty private companies worldwide are trying to establish its supremacy in the space tourism sector. In a report published by International Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR) Journal of Business and Management namely "The Possibility of Space tourism in India: Issues and Concerns" the author says India has a potential to generate a revenue of $4,975 million by 2025 through space tourism. Even though there is a demand for space tourism in India but some of the factors that will determine its success in future include strong legislation, cost appropriate space vehicles, public interest, environmental factors and entrepreneurial interest. 

The emergence of new sectors based on advanced technologies will help create job opportunities, improve the country economy and shape the future society. To move from a developing nation to a developed nation it is important for India to embrace new technology and use it for betterment of the society. It earns a global credibility for India as a country that promotes advanced technologies and generates opportunities.