Smart Cities Solution

Smart cities are the future of human civilization. With rapid urbanization and limited land space smart cities can offer solutions to some of the most critical problems of present times. In the coming decade technological breakthrough will help humans to build smart cities that can be managed through computers and mobile devices. The objectives of smart cities are to offer high quality life to its citizens, provide transparent governance and wisely manage natural resources. The Government of India recently shortlisted 98 cities that will be developed as smart cities and for this Rs 98,000 crore have been approved by the Indian cabinet. Initially the smart city project will be launched in different phases and after the successful implementation it will be replicated in other cities. Though smart cities concept shows great promise the actual implementation is what matters. Apart from a great lifestyle, Smart cities can generate thousands of job opportunities in the country.

Smart cities can provide solutions to some of the problems that existing cities are encountering.

1. Transportation

The rapid urbanization of major cities has played a very important role in sustaining economic growth of the country. However this growth is currently hindered by lack of good transport infrastructure facilities. According to Indian Brand Equity Foundation India has second largest road network with 4.7 million km in length. This takes care of the 60% of goods transport and 85% of total passenger traffics in India. Some major cities have metro and local train as the major modes of mass public transport. With increasing population even these are proving to be inadequate. Also, increased vehicles, lack of parking spaces, overcrowded roads, lack of safety measures and poor traffic management are compounding the problems. However, the smart cities can provide smart solutions to these problems through use of GPS enabled transport systems that will help with real-time data of traffic movement in the city, carpooling to avoid road congestion, public transport surveillance on buses, metros, trains to provide safety and Integrated transit hubs to connect multiple public transport together.    

2. Healthcare

People living in smart cities can monitor their health and seek best medical advice without going to clinic or hospitals. Doctors can remotely access the patient's data and recommend best possible treatment. This can be of great convenience for people suffering from chronic illness as they may have to less frequently visit doctors. Through internet enabled health monitoring devices doctors can collect vital parameters of their patients and provide better course of treatment. During emergency people can get in touch with hospitals for quick medical intervention. The ambulances in smart cities will be equipped with advanced medical equipments for critical care. Smart notification on mobile devices will alert people of their medicine taking regime, diet plans, and information about primary healthcare. 

3. Governance

Today most of the government job requires paperwork and it consumes plenty of time and increases discrepancies. Smart cities will make what is called e-governance a norm where people can apply for new documents, give feedback and register any grievances online. With increasing use of smartphone and tablets it is becoming easy for even an average user to make use of online services started by state and central government to make the lives of its citizen easier. With e-governance the amount of time required to complete a job will be reduced considerably it will also increase the efficiency. The processes become transparent and quick. 

 4. Sanitation

Smart cities are planned for future and hence proper sanitation and waste management processes are crucial for its success. With millions of tonnes of garbage generated every day the present waste management facilities are incapable of handling them. However smart cities will be well equipped with latest technology to re-cycle both dry and wet waste and use them for variety of purposes. This can be done without polluting the environment with advanced scientific method. Smart cities will have clean roads, well maintained drainage systems and automated collection mechanism for waste. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, campaign started by the Government of India further emphasis on clean cities, roads and infrastructure. This initiative can boost the sanitation program in smart cities.

Smart cities will evolve with time and technological advancement. It will eliminate some of the challenges currently faced by Indian cities like need for better drainage system, awareness for sanitation and better infrastructure. Smart cities will need massive investments, robust policies and participation of both government and its citizen to make it a great success.